Some may be content printing within the confines of their small, desktop FDM 3D printer; but for others, this simply won’t work. Some require a beast — a large 3D printer capable of printing the Goliath structures they need for their commercial business or hobbyist project.
There’s a variety of reasons why you’d want a larger format 3D printer. If you’re a maker wanting to create bigger models — for example a full-scale figure or model car, large cosplay parts, or big prototype — and don’t want to print it in parts. By printing it in one piece you maintain the smooth surface area all around, and save yourself the time post-processing and assembling the parts.
Therefore, in putting together our recommendations — from the somewhat large-format 3D printers to the XXL 3D printers — we included both lower-priced 3D printers for makers at home, and commercial options for businesses. The result: the best large 3D printers for all price ranges.
Criteria to be considered a large format 3D printer
In assessing which of the following huge 3D printers deserved to be on our ranking, we used the following criteria:
- Size relative to price: a large print volume on a low cost printer is relatively more impressive.
- Quality of print: it’s irrelevant if you can print larger objects if they come out looking terrible. Only high quality XXL 3D printers made the cut.
- Enclosed or open build chamber: a large print area is more impressive on an enclosed 3D printer than one without a closed build chamber.
- Reliability, versatility and ease of use: how many materials does it support, how simple is the printer’s interface to navigate, how prone is the printer to errors.
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|Brand and Name||Max Print Size (mm)||Price||Where To Buy for Best Price?||Alternative Purchase Option|
|FLSUN QQ-S PRO||255 x 255 x 360||$369||Amazon here|
|Qidi Tech X-Plus||270 x 200 x 200||$699||Amazon here|
|Tronxy X5SA PRO||330 x 330 x 400||$399||Amazon here|
|Creality CR-10 MAX||450 x 450 x 470||$1,099||Amazon here||3DJake UK & Europe|
|Peopoly Phenom||276 x 155 x 400||$1,999||Matterhackers here|
|Raise3D Pro2 / Pro2 Plus||305 x 305 x 300 (605)||$3,999 / $5,999||Pro2 on Amazon here||Dynamism Store here|
|BCN3D Sigma D25||420 x 300 x 200||$3,995||Dynamism Store here||Matterhackers here|
|Modix Big-60 V3 Kit||600 x 600 x 660||$4,700||Matterhackers here||Dynamism Store here|
|Ultimaker S5||330 x 240 x 300||$5,995||Dynamism Store here|
|BigRep Studio G2||1000 x 500 x 500||Quote||BigRep|
Best large 3D printers
1. FLSUN QQ-S PRO
- Maximum build volume: 255 x 255 x 360 mm
- Price: $369 — Available on Amazon here
The FLSUN QQ-S PRO is a great delta 3D printer offering a very large 3D printing area for the price. Delta printers are less common than Cartesian printers but are known to be the faster 3D printers, though more complex. It’s an upgrade on the original RepRap Kossel, but rather than being a kit it comes 90% pre-assembled and takes just 20 minutes to completely build.
- We have also tested and reviewed the FLSUN QQ-S on our site. Check out our FLSUN QQ-S review!
The 3.2-inch touchscreen makes the printer easy to navigate and print with, and for a low-cost 3D printer features high-quality parts. The printer uses a Titan extruder and a lattice glass print bed for high-quality 3D printing with little warping, and finished prints can be easily removed from the print bed.
The huge 360 mm maximum part height makes the FLSUN QQ-S one of the biggest 3D printers under $500, and it’s perfect if you want to print tall, Eiffel Tower-like structures. You can print either over your WiFi connection, or offline via an SD card.
The printer is also marketed as being extremely quiet (under 50 dB), so if you’re sensitive to noise or live with someone who is, this could be a game-changer. It’s precise (minimum layer size just 0.05 mm) and fast (around 30% faster than the average printer), and with a large format printing area to boot, it’s the perfect low-cost large 3D printer.
2. Qidi Tech X-Plus
- Price: $699 — Available on Amazon here
- Build volume: 270 x 200 x 200 mm
Already a large printer — though for an extra $300 you can upgrade to the even larger X-Max! — not only does the X-Plus offer great build volume, but it’s also enclosed in a sturdily built metal frame. This makes for far better ABS and other tough filament printing — the X-Plus is like a mini industrial 3D printer for a much lower price.
It’s super versatile, usable in prototyping, for hobbyist projects, architectural models, prosthetics, and much more. Qidi Tech doubles down on this versatility by shipping the X-Plus with two different nozzles:
- Nozzle A: a standard up-to-250C nozzle for PLA, ABS and TPU printing
- Nozzle B: a high-temperature nozzle reaching up to 300C for printing Nylon, Carbon Fiber and PC filaments.
So no matter your project, whether commercial or hobbyist, the X-Plus has the tools available. The double Z-axis drivers stabilize the printer and ensure smooth print quality unaffected by vibrations and other variables, especially for very intricate projects, and you can use their free slicer which Qidi claim makes for 30% better quality prints, that print 20% faster.
Overall, you get great build volume in an enclosed heated chamber with the option of more commercial material printing with a high-temp nozzle. It’s a great mini-commercial 3D printer in a low-cost package.
3. Tronxy X5SA PRO
- Maximum build volume: 330 x 330 x 400 mm
- Price: $399 — Available on Amazon here
This ranking is about the biggest 3D printers you can buy, and the Tronxy S5SA PRO sure does occupy a large area — courtesy of the cubic box structure.
It’s in the same price range as the CR-10, has very similar specs, and has a slightly larger volume print area — 330 x 330 x 400 mm. Therefore anyone looking for the biggest 3D printer under $500 should definitely take a close look at both 3D printers.
For an even larger 400mm³ version, check out the X5SA-400 Pro here
In terms of differences, there is an obvious shape difference. Both machines try to minimize the vibrations affecting print quality through their frames, and the box design is good for anchoring the 3D printer down, helping with precision printing.
The Tronxy X5SA is a versatile 3D printer, able to print not just ABS and PLA but also PC, HIPS, wood filaments, and TPU. The 3.5-inch display is easy to navigate and print, and it has filament run out detectors so you don’t need to start these failed prints again. Overall, it’s another great large 3D format 3D printer for anyone that wants a big printer that runs reliably.
4. Creality CR-10 MAX — Biggest 3D Printer for $1,000!
- Maximum build volume: 450 x 450 x 470 mm
- XXL 3D printer price: $1,099 — Available on Amazon here / 3DJake UK & Europe here
The original CR10 was already a large format 3D printer, but this expanded version, the CR-10 MAX, takes it to another level completely. The absolutely massive 450 x 450 x 470 mm print area means you can print huge structures in one print rather than splitting it up into small pieces.
Like with the CR-10 V2, the CR-10 MAX features the upgraded aluminum chassis and improved triangle frame, designed to anchor the printer down and reduce vibrations affecting the Z-axis to improve surface finish on printed parts. It also incorporates BL Touch auto-leveling technology for fast and precise automatic leveling, saving you time and guaranteeing reliability.
In terms of quality, the CR-10 MAX does not offer significant upgrades on other printers in the CR-10 range. The main reason you’d pick up this enormous 3D printer over a CR-10 is because of its size.
The heated bed means it can print ABS as well as other standard filaments, and it’s compatible with commonly used 3D slicers like Cura and Simplify3D.
5. Peopoly Phenom — Large Resin 3D printer
- Company based: Hong Kong
- Maximum build volume: 276 x 155 x 400 mm
- Price: $1,999 — Available on Matterhackers here
The Peopoly Phenom is the only resin 3D printer that features on our ranking. Resin printers are not known for having large print areas, making the Peopoly Phenom’s large size all the more impressive.
Peopoly first made a name for themselves following their successful Kickstarter campaign to bring the Peopoly Moai to market. Now they have the Phenom, a huge 3D printer that uses MSLA technology (combining LCD screens with LED lights) to build parts.
The idea for an LCD 3D printer with a huge build area is a very good one. LCD 3D printing involves solidifying a whole layer of resin at once, unlike FDM where the 3D printer’s extruder needs to trace each layer. Combining this ability to print multiple objects simultaneously with a large format 3D printing area opens up possibilities for truly scalable 3D printing. It’s very exciting.
The printer itself is very impressive. 72 um accuracy is precise and will offer better surface finishes than almost all FDM 3D printers. Peopoly recommends you use their Deft resin, but this large 3D printer is compatible with those made by other manufacturers. If you already own a smaller, low-cost resin printer like an Elegoo Mars or AnyCubic Photon, upgrading to the Phenom is easy as it also runs on the CHITUBOX.
6. Modix Big-60 V3 Kit — huge 3D printer for heavy duty use
- Price: $4,700 — Available at Matterhackers here / Available at Dynamism here
- Build volume: 600 x 600 x 660 mm
The Big-60 makes the previously mentioned printers look tiny, with its enormous 60 x 600 x 660 mm build volume able to print even the largest prototypes and parts in one large part.
This is a huge advantage as you can print these large models without having to assemble them together without affecting surface finish from the required post-processing.
It’s a 3D printer kit, but experienced operators or 3D printing makers will have no trouble assembling the Model Big-60 V3, especially as it comes with such detailed instructions that take you through every step of the assembly process.
The Big-60 V3 kit features premium parts all around, for example, a high-quality E3D hot end, and Duet3D controllers as standard. Despite being designed for industrial, heavy-duty use, the Big-60 is designed also to be modular enough that you can easily install any upgrades tailored to your 3D printing needs. These could be custom, third-party upgrades, or any one of a number of available upgrades you can buy with the printer, such as the enclosure kit, a super high-temperature nozzle for industrial material printing like PEEK or ULTEM, or a secondary print head.
Overall, it’s an industrial 3D printer but at a much lower medium-range price, and it’s certainly a large 3D printer for big 3D printer projects.
7. Raise3D Pro2 & Pro2 Plus — XXL 3D Printer!
- Company based: China
- Maximum build volume: 305 x 305 x 300 / 605 mm (300 mm for Pro2, 605 mm for Pro2 Plus)
- Pro2 Price: $3,999 — Available on Amazon here / Available on Dynamism Store here / 3DPrima Europe here
- Pro2 Plus Price: $5,999 — Available on Amazon here / Available on Dynamism Store here / 3DPrima Europe here
Raise3D printers feature in our best 3D printer ranking as well as our best dual extruder 3D printer ranking — and for good reason. Their largest 3D printer — the Pro2 Plus — is no different, excelling in what it does best: print big, and print well.
Based in China, Raise3D are a highly reputed 3D printing company whose printers are used by 3D printing services as these large 3D printers can create big parts on demand. Expanded to a 605mm max part height, you should have no problems printing large structures with the Pro2 Plus.
For a closed build chamber, even the Pro2’s build volume is huge. But the Pro2 Plus expands it further, doubling the maximum height you can print up to a whopping 605 mm. Not only is this colossal 3D printer large, but both the Pro2 and Pro2 have strong reputations for being reliable workhorses. And even if you do have a problem, Raise3D has a California-based support team to help solve your problems.
Raise3D cleverly appeals to the customer segments in between consumers and professional printers, offering industrial-grade quality on their large-format 3D printers but at lower than industrial prices. The 7-inch touchscreen and features offered make it feel like a factory-grade machine, when in fact even the Pro2 Plus costs the same as the Ultimaker S5.
8. BCN3D Sigma D25 — Large Workhorse 3D Printer
- Company based: Spain
- Price: $3,995 — Available on Dynamism Store here / Available on Matterhackers here / 3DPrima Europe here
- Build volume: 420 x 300 x 200 mm
Featuring a dual extruder and immense print volume at 420 x 300 x 200 mm, the Sigma D25 stands out for reasons other than just being a large 3D printer. It’s extraordinarily versatile, happily printing with 3D printer filaments ranging from ABS and PLA to HIPS, ASA, and more.
However, this is no standard dual extruder — instead, BCN3D’s IDEX (independent dual extruder) system allows each of the extruders to move independently, vastly speeding up part production for similar parts, as well as allowing for multi-material printing and soluble filament printing, such as PVA.
Perhaps most impressively, the Sigma’s duplication and mirror modes capitalize on its dual extruder to enhance the scalability of part production. Duplication mode prints identical models simultaneously, while mirror mode prints mirror designs to speed up part production.
The D25 has also been upgraded with a stainless steel frame to anchor down the X and Y axes and improve print quality and features E3D hotends and Bondtech extruders for extremely reliable and high-quality printing. The 5-inch touchscreen makes the Sigma D25 a very simple-to-use large-format 3D printer, with fantastic 50-micron minimum layer heights and very precise XY and Z resolutions for intricate part printing.
- For more information on resolutions, we have a guide to resolutions in 3D printing.
Moreover, Sigma D25 is a BCN3D printer that now has WiFi printing capabilities as well as USB and SD card printing, and even updates itself automatically with the latest firmware for the latest developments.
9. Ultimaker S5 — Extremely precise large format 3D printer
- Company based: Holland
- Maximum build volume: 330 x 240 x 300 mm
- Price: $5,995 — Available on Dynamism Store here / Available on Matterhackers here / 3DPrima Europe here
The follow up to the acclaimed Ultimaker 3, the Ultimaker S5 is the Dutch company’s launch into a higher price range, more industrial printer. A large 3D printer, the S5 is geared towards a more professional and industrial clientele, expanding the build volume and focusing on the scalability of rapid prototyping.
Though more expensive than its predecessor, clocking in at just under $6K, Ultimaker are not struggling for clients. The printer is said to be used by Volkswagen, showing just how highly rated Ultimaker’s printers are. Time will tell whether the S5 is as big a hit as the Ultimaker 3 was, but nevertheless, we believe it merits a place on our best large 3D printer list.
10. BigRep Studio G2 — Gigantic 3D Printer!
- Company based: Germany
- Price: requires a quote
- Build volume: 1000 x 500 x 500 mm
This behemoth is a huge 3D printer, one of the many immense beasts that German manufacturer BigRep sells to their industrial clientele. Used for prototyping and in the medical, automotive, and aerospace sectors, the BigRep Studio weighs in at over a quarter of a ton.
BigRep sells a number of custom materials for use in their large 3D printers, including commonly used printer filaments like PLA and PETG, as well as more niche materials such as flexible filaments, HT, and HS. The advanced air filtration system, completely enclosed build area, and tool steel nozzle makes it perfect for 3D printing carbon fiber filaments, ASA, and Polyamides like Nylon.
The Studio G2 works seamlessly with BigRep’s Blade 3D printer software, prints up to 100mm/s, and can print with up to 0.1mm minimum layer heights.
*One of our trusted partners will be in touch following a quote request.
11. Concept Laser X Line 2000R — Largest 3D printer in the world
- Company based: Germany
- Price: request a quote
- Build volume: 800 x 400 x 500 mm
One of the world’s largest 3D printers and also one of the world’s most expensive, the Concept Laser X Line 2000R uses Direct Metal Laser Sintering to print strong and accurate metal parts, and costs millions. However, this machine is such an engineering feat that we felt compelled to include it, with large print volumes exponentially harder to achieve with metal 3D printing technologies.
Undoubtedly a leader in its sector — and you can also check out our metal 3D printer ranking — the ability to create metal parts up to 800 x 400 x 500 mm in size is an invaluable asset. If you’re not a billion-dollar company then you’re unlikely to buy one, but this machine is a lock-in for our large 3D printer list, able to print metal structures at sizes never achieved prior.
*One of our trusted partners will be in touch following a quote request.
Tips for large-format 3D printing
Keep time in mind
It’s important to remember how long it takes to print these enormous parts. In rapid prototyping, it’s common to leave your printer running overnight and come back to it the next day, but if you’re printing a 50 x 50 cm prototype with a 0.4mm nozzle and small-ish layer heights, it could take several days to print.
A natural solution is to replace the standard 0.4mm nozzle that comes on most large-scale 3D printers with a larger (0.8-1.2mm) nozzle. Then, if printing larger layer heights (200 – 400 microns) you massively increase print speed.
However, this opens another can of worms. Less powerful hotends can struggle to melt such a large amount of filament quick enough to extrude in time, so you may want to upgrade your hotend to print without issue. We have a guide to some great hotends here.
Is it worth buying a large 3D printer, or using a 3D printing service instead?
This is another question you should ask yourself. If you’re only planning on printing a few prototypes for the year, you might find it advantageous to instead outsource your printing needs to an external service.
It’ll be more expensive than if you were to just pay for the materials to print yourself, but if you don’t have much use for the large-scale 3D printer, it’ll sit there collecting dust in your workshop for the rest of the year.
This is a simple value judgment — do you think you’ll use it enough?
The answer could even be to keep/buy a standard smaller 3D printer, use that for day-to-day prototyping, and if you have an enormous printer project, outsource those. We have a ranking of some of the best 3D printing services.
1 big 3D printer, or multiple smaller printers for many small parts
A common line of thought is that buying one large 3D printer gives you the capacity to print many smaller parts simultaneously.
This is true, but not necessarily efficient. Yes, you can print 10-20 small pieces at the same time on a large 3D printer, but it’ll take 20 times as long as you could have printed these parts on 20 desktop 3D printers. So, if you’re planning on printing many small parts, consider instead going with a 3D printer farm.
Large 3D printing applications
Large, single-part prototypes — for parts where surface finish is important, and where assembling multiple parts post-print would make this difficult. Also when time is not an issue it’s less hassle to just print one large part over time.
TV and movie props, and cosplays — Redditors have shown extensions they’ve made to their enormous 3D printers to print large cosplay parts, and the TV & film industry have begun using 3D printing for props and other appliances for sets.
Furniture — increasingly, large volume 3D printers are being used in similar ways to 4×8 CNC routers to create furniture like chairs, stools, and tables. We cover a variety of ways to do this in our feature story on 3D printed furniture.
If you enjoyed this ranking, you may also be interested in:
- Our ranking of the best small 3D printers
- The best dual extruder 3D printers
- The best 3D pens
- How much does a 3D printer cost to buy and maintain?
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